The history of films was started with moving images Slowly and gradually cinema camera technology protruded to camerase vivacity of human epoch as an electronic trend. In 1891 first Kinteoscope camera was used by Edison,s, pioneer of moving picture as a series of a photographic images recorded and reproduced but a real vital exertion has been dated as December 28th 1895 considered to be the birth of projected film presented in a theaters, was presented by Antoine Lumiere from Lyon, the director of a plant producing film materials, hosted in the Grand Cafe of Paris,’ a show of living pictures’. Among those invited was also the director of the Houdini Theater, the master illusionist Georges Melies.
The Movie shot was taken by camera that was developed by lumiere’. It was the first time to use the term ‘cinematographe’, taken from Greek words ‘kinema’ (movement) and’graphein’ (to write, to draw, to inscribe). After 1927, the frame rate was increased to 24 pictures per second. Those were black and white cameras but as technology never paused and in late 1930s Color cinematography developed. it took another 20 years to be genatly used, where various forms of wide-screen presentation in the cinema were extensively adopted.
The technology of 3D camera was announced in around 2001 and then started a new track of movie presentatiop49_new_cameran where existed the 3D and Animation drift. In 2009 American epic science fiction movie AVTAR written and directed by James Cameron where the story spin around the planet ‘unobtanium’on Pandora, a lush moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system, Movie shots were taken by 3D camera for the process of creating a 3D capturing HD images. The other reformation in the technology of cameras and so the movie making now comes up with 4D effective cameras where spectators can feel the touch and punch of the happenings in the movie creating a sence of real motion. A 4D Plenoptic camera is also called as 4D light field camera or Digital Lens. The prototype plenoptic camera and software can change depth of field on a digital image after exposure. Announced in October 2005, the plenoptic camera prototype quickly grabbed the attention of photographers, technophiles, and industry insiders. Since then 4D camera technology powered up into the entertainment field rapidly.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the plenoptic camera is based on the work done by researchers John Wang and Edward Adelson in 1992. The new prototype consists of a 16-megapixel Contax 645 camera with added multiple microlenses in between the photo sensor and the main lens, thus turning a standard camera into a light field camera. The added microlens array measures light distribution on each ray of light, where the information that is normally lost on traditional cameras. By collecting that vital information through custom post-production software were able to compute sharpness at different focal lengths the Stanford researcher.
4D Camera Images
Researchers could then extract a different pixel from the microlens image to change the point of view of the observer across the aperture plane that alters the focal length of the “synthetic image,” according to a 2005 abstract “Light Field Photography with a Hand-Held Plenoptic Camera” by Ren Ng, Mathieu Bredif, and co-workers. The new plenoptic camera can essentially turning a 2D photo into 4D makes a sound sense. It has one more advantage of the digital refocusing technology to improve image quality rather than simply increasing megapixel count. “Conventional cameras have already reached the limits of useful resolution for many common applications,” Since resolution in this case is relative to the size of the microlens and not megapixel count, the plenoptic camera could finally end the manufacturer megapixel war with a new innovation.The 4D camera and software could also function as a money-saver.