What is Intellectual Property?
Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce. IP is divided into two categories: Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programs.

Computer Science and Intellectual Property
As computer science has become increasing tied to other interests, intellectual property rights from both inside and outside the field have posed unique problems for the advancement of computer science as a scientific discipline. Influences of intellectual property rights from inside the field of computer science have impeded the free exchange of ideas within the field, and influences from outside the field have undermined research in areas where copyright owners have sought to gain strict control over all uses of their works. These intrusions of intellectual property rights into a scientific discipline have shown the potential to slow scientific progress in computer science. To promote the advancement of computer science, intellectual property rights must be handled in a well-balanced manner that takes all interests into account. Computer science is currently positioned at the intersection of technology into almost every other field. As computers, and computer programs, become more useful for a wider variety of purposes, computer science is being applied to all aspects of society. Industries use computers to automate and optimize manufacturing processes.

How IP is beneficial for Computer Graduates?
Scientific researchers in all fields use computer databases to organize information and calculate data. Copyright holders use computer networks to disseminate their holdings. Individuals use computers to communicate with others around the world. This unique position of computer science, at a convergence point of many others aspects of society, makes legal questions that were formerly outside the domain of computer science very important to the field. This unique position of computer science, at a convergence point of many others aspects of society, makes legal questions that were formerly outside the domain of computer science very important to the field. Also, long existing legal questions in computer science are given greater relevance by the extreme importance of the field to society as a whole.
The capitalist economy immediately seeks to apply new computer science principles to solve real world problems and has a vested interest in maintaining ownership of the result. Software producers attempt to use intellectual property laws to keep competitors out of the market for as long as possible, in order to make back the high expenses of developing innovative software and maximize profits thereafter. However, software companies are not necessarily stealing innovations from the scientific and academic side of the computer science discipline. Instead, the software companies are creating and marketing their own innovations, and can make a solid argument for stronger intellectual property rights.
Computers and the Internet have had an undeniable effect on the way people listen to and watch copyrighted media content in their homes. This is understandably very troubling to large content holders. As technology has become linked more and more with the economy, the Internet has been an increasingly important part of the economy. To maintain economic dominance world-wide, the United States Government has an interest in getting content holders to embrace the Internet, and a good way to do this is to ensure them that their holdings will beprotected, even in digital form.

Top jobs for Computer Graduate
IP industry consist of companies providing patent, trademark or copyright services, law firms helping clients enforce IP rights, legal or knowledge process outsourcing companies which are helping in patent docketing or patent searching or technological companies who have to work very hard to generate, protect and enforce intellectual assets. Some of the jobs for computer graduates:

1. Patent Engineer – A patent engineer or patent scientist is a patent professional who is typically involved in preparing and prosecuting patent applications. The terms are usually applied to patent professionals with scientific or engineering backgrounds that do not require either attorney or patent agent qualifications, but still work with patent applications.

2. Patent Analyst – Fresh graduates from computer Profession can apply for job of patent analyst. Primary job of patent analyst is to read the patent application of new invention being made by client, understand the invention and search prior art references of particular invention. On the basis of analysis made by patent analyst, report prepared to use by client to make important decisions like deciding whether they have to invest money on patent prosecution or whether they can launch their product in market- local or global.

3. Patent Agent – After qualifying Indian Patent Agent Examination conducted by Government of India, science graduates can work as Patent Agent. Primary work of patent agent is to help scientists protect or register his invention and get maximum benefits. They work closely with patent office of India and work in various steps of patent grant. In bird’s eye view, work may seem legal only, so there may be question why science graduates are required? Actually, only students from science background can understand scientific aspect of invention and draft patent application. Starting salary of Registered Patent Agent is 3 lac per annum.

4. Patent Intelligence – the transformation of patent data into technical, business and legal knowledge – can significantly help companies analyse the competitive landscape and uncover new technological trends. It is increasingly becoming a key element in the development of a company’s business and patent strategy. Graduate from computer are eligible for this profile.

5. Trademark Analyst – Fresh graduates from computer background can apply for job of patent analyst. Primary job of patent analyst is to read the patent application of new invention being made by client, understand the invention and search prior art references of particular invention. On the basis of analysis made by patent analyst, report prepared to use by client to make important decisions like deciding whether they have to invest money on patent prosecution or whether they can launch their product in market- local or global.