The Google Book Search Project, whereby Google has created a virtual repository of online books by scanning them has been in the news recently for copyright violations. Class actions have been filed against Google in US, China and even Germany and France. The digital library initiative, though making it convenient for the Internet users to access books online, has created a difficulty in violating the copyright of the authors. Mostly, the books are reproduced without the licence of the authors, who have been up in arms against the project. The ambit of Fair Use exception being wide in the US, the Author’s Guild had arrived at a settlement with Google called the Google Books Settlement (GBS) 2.0 , applicable to any person having a US Copyright interest, under the terms of which, the authors could licence their works for online reproduction or specifically”opt out”of the settlement, in which case, they shall not be paid the royalty. The current scope of GBS2.0, Arya says, covers books that are either registered with the US Copyright Office or published in the UK, Canada and Australia. The Indian stakeholders have also been raising this issue with the government, whereupon, the Indian representatives met the United States Trade Representative (USTR) to take on board copyright violations of Indian authors. The Indian Copyright Act 1957 under Section 52 allows flexibility of fair use, where the use of books for educational purposes is exempt from copyright exemption. In the present case, however, the usage of the material placed online is far and wide, involves commercial element and requires express authorisation. The concern was more so in India, because of large vernacular publications ion the country, that may be uploaded without authors’ knowledge.