About IBM
IBM (International Business Machines Corporation) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries. The company originated in 1911 as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company (CTR) and was renamed “International Business Machines” in 1924.

What is Intellectual Property Right?
Intellectual property is the product of the human intellect including creativity concepts, inventions, industrial models, trademarks, songs, literature, symbols, names, brands,etc. Intellectual Property Rights do not differ from other property rights. They allow their owner to completely benefit from his/her product which was initially an idea that developed and crystallized. They also entitle him/her to prevent others from using, dealing or tampering with his/her product without prior permission from him/her. He/she can in fact legally sue them and force them to stop and compensate for any damages.

There are many forms of intellectual property, each protecting a different type of intangible property for a specific term and under the grant of a different protection.
• Patents (new and nonobvious device/method)
• Trademarks (source identifiers, brands)
• Copyrights (expression of an idea)
• Trade Secrets (technical/business secrets)
Each country has their own IP laws. IP is only enforceable in the country where it was obtained.

Who is Patent Engineer?
A patent engineer or patent scientist is a patent professional who is typically involved in preparing and prosecuting patent applications. The terms are usually applied to patent professionals with scientific or engineering backgrounds that do not require either attorney or patent agent qualifications, but still work with patent applications.

Work of Patent Engineer
In general, the position involves many of the technical aspects of patent prosecution, including doing background and prior art searches, drafting the specifications and preparing reference figures for patent applications, and giving technical expertise during invention evaluation. Positions of this nature may focus a great deal on research and development while including patent considerations, emphasizing their technical background rather than legal or patent agent qualification. • Understanding client: Application drafting is impossible without meeting and understanding the client’s invention. The Patent Engineer performs this task as he is supposed to draft the application. Creating application: Indian patent law restricts the patentability of certain inventions like software, business methods etc. Application should be drafted according to those rules. Managing complete team: This professional generally manages Patents department. Main duties are: Designating different steps of prosecution to right team, Keeping check on completion of activities, Coordination with rest of the team: Patent Engineer studies trends of the current market. For proper functioning of several departments, Analysis report generated by patent engineer is important.

Why IBM is hiring more patent engineers?
IBM has continually shifted its business mix by commoditizing markets focusing on higher-value, more profitable markets. This includes spinning off printer manufacturer Lexmark in 1991 and selling off its personal computer (ThinkPad/ThinkCentre) and x86-based server businesses to Lenovo (2005 and 2014, respectively), and acquiring companies such as PwC Consulting (2002), SPSS (2009), and The Weather Company (2016). Also in 2014, IBM announced that it would go “fabless”, continuing to design semiconductors, but offloading manufacturing to Global Foundries. As their increasing business they file more patent day by day, and they certainly require patent engineers for many reasons like ,Understands technology ,Finds old technologies already known to public , Draft application carefully , Files application, Convinces patent office for getting a patent, Identifies economic asset , Protects invention from counterfeits and fake products.
IBM’s vast collection of intellectual property can increase ability to operate to grow your business, make it more efficient or launch new products. Working with IBM’s IP means much more than licensing patents. Clients can work directly with members of IBM’s team of 250,000 scientists, researchers, engineers, developers and technologists who built one of the world’s largest IP portfolios. This broad collaboration creates a diversity of viewpoints, backgrounds and expertise that enables profound new solutions. Helping clients solve these problems is one of the many ways IBM continues to generate innovation that matters for our company and the world.
IBM’s know-how, along with IP assets, skills, and infrastructure, reaches into nearly every industry and every discipline of science and technology.